EID-AL-ADHA is celebrated on the tenth day of Dhil Hijjah, the 12th and the last month of the Islamic calendar. It is also very joyous day; it is a feast of self-sacrifice, commitment and obedience to Allah. It commemorates the great act of obedience to Allah by the Prophet Ibrahim (as) in showing his willingness to sacrifice his son Ismail (as). Allah accepted his sacrifice and replaced Prophet Ismail (as) with a lamb. The five-day long rituals of Hajj are also done during this month culminating on 9th of Dhil Hijjah. Many rituals of Hajj are enactment of the struggle of the family Ibrahim (as) specially his second wife Hajarah (as) and her son Prophet Ismail (as).
THE SUNNAH OF EID:
Wake up early
Offer Salaatul Fajr.
Prepare for personal cleanliness take care of details of clothing, etc.
Take a Ghusl (bath) after Fajr (In prison day before)
Brush your teeth (using Miswak).
Dress up, putting on best clothes available, whether new or cleaned old ones.
Use Itr – religious perfume
On Eid-al-Adha, eat breakfast after Salaah or after sacrifice if you are doing a sacrifice.
Go to prayer ground early.
Offer Salaatu-al-Eid in congregation in an open place except when whether is not permitting like rain, snow, etc.
Use two separate routes to and from the prayer ground. (In Prison left and right side of corridors)
Recite Takbeer (softly in prison) on the way to Salaah and until the beginning of Salaat-ul-Eid.
On Eid-al-Adha, Takbeer starts from Fajr on the 9th Dhil Hijjah and lasts until the Asr on the 12th Dhil Hijjah
Takbeer: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. La ilaha il lallahu Wallahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar Wa-lillah hill Hamd.
SACRIFICE AND EID-AL-ADHA: Those who have enough wealth to pay Zakaat must offer the sacrifice for Allah. It is the tradition of Prophet Ibrahim (as) and a strongly recommended Sunnah. A lamb, sheep, goat, cow, buffalo, or camel can be offered as the sacrifice. There are seven shares in a cow, buffalo and camel. The sacrifice should be accomplished by slaughtering the animal after Salaat-al-Eid. The sacrifice also called Udhiyah or Qurbani last for three days from 10th Dhil Hijjah until the sunset of 12th Dhil Hijjah. The meat should be divided into three shares: one for the family the second for relatives and friend and the third share is for the poor and the needy.
Ten Great Nights of Dhul-Hijjah
When Allah Ta’aala takes an oath upon some aspect, it is to illustrate the great significance of that aspect in the sight of Allah Ta’aala. Among the various things, which Allah Ta’ala has taken, an oath upon in the Qur’aan is “ten nights” (Surah Al-Fajr). Many Mufassireen (commentators of Qur’aan) are of the view that this refers to the first ten nights of Dhul-Hijjah.
The Ahaadith also mention the virtue of the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. It is reported in one Hadith that no action is more beloved to Allah Ta’aala than the action performed in these ten days, whether it be Nafl Salaah, Dhikr, charity, etc. (Sahih Bukhari).
REWARD EQUAL TO ONE YEAR
In another Hadith it is reported that one fast in these ten days is equivalent to the reward of fasting for one year (the tenth of Dhul-Hijjah is excluded since it is not permissible to fast on the day of Eid ul-Adha). Likewise, performing Ibaadah in any of these nights earns the reward of Ibaadah in Laylatul Qadr (Tirmizi).
Furthermore, among these ten days is the day of Arafah (9th Dhul-Hijjah). Regarding this day Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) is reported to have said: “I have hope in Allah Ta’aala that the fast of the day of Arafah will be an atonement for the (minor) sins of the past and forthcoming year” (Tirmizi). In a narration of Tabraani it is reported that one should in these ten days recite the following excessively: Tasbeeh (Subha-nallah), Tahleel (La ilaha illallah), Tahmeed (Al-Hamdulillah) and Takbeer (Allahu Akbar).
Thus the first ten days and nights of Dhul-Hijjah are extremely virtuous. One should therefore engage oneself in even more Ibaadah during this time. One should fast on as many of these days as possible. To ignore these virtues and be indifferent to the significance of these days and nights is indeed a great deprivation. It is also a sign of ingratitude to Allah Ta’aala for the great opportunity He has given us to earn tremendously multiplied rewards for little acts of devotion. Hence let us not ignore the gift of Allah Ta’aala. Instead let us take the maximum advantage of this gift.
DU’AA WHEN SIGHTING THE MOON
Sayyiduna Talha ibn ‘Ubaidillah (R.A.) reports that Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi Wasallam) would recite the following supplication upon sighting the crescent of the new month:
Transliteration: “Allah humma ahil-lahu ‘alaynaa bil yumni wal imaan,
Was-salaamati wal Islam, Rabbi wa rabbu-kallaah”
Translation: “O Allah let this moon emerge upon us with blessings and Imaan (faith), with safety and peace, my and your Lord (O moon) is Allah.”